At this moment, the most common treatment for a baby in breech presentation is an external turn. The gynaecologist will try to turn the baby externally, by hand. This treatment can be quite a burden for the woman.
About 80% of the women with a baby in breech presentation will ultimately have a caesarean operation. Much to the regret of most women, they would rather experience a natural delivery
For this reason, there has been increased interest in moxa-therapy. There have been quite some studies into the effectiveness of this non-invasive treatment. Four of these studies will be discussed in this section.
You can click on the name of the journal to read the published abstract.
Study published in the JAMA in 1998.
From a qualitatively point of view, this study is the best article of the four. Partly due to this, the renowned and western, regular medical science focused journal JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association), accepted the study for publication.
A total of 260 women were screened on the effect of the moxa-therapy. Half of the women were given moxa-therapy, the other half were not. After two weeks of moxa-therapy, 98 children (74.8%) had turned to the right position compared to 62 children (47.7%) in the group without moxa-therapy.
This paper has also shown an increase in foetal movement. During the moxa-therapy, the babies were more active than the babies were whose mothers did not receive the therapy. Scientifically, it can be assumed that one of the factors playing a role in the turning of the baby is the increase in movements of the baby.
Study published in Matern Fetal Neonatal Med in 2004.
This was a large study, including 240 women whose situation was not measured after the moxa-therapy, but just before labour started. The results were very promising: from the women who received moxa-therapy, 53.6% of the babies had turned compared to 36.7% in the control group.
Study published in 2003 in the fetal Diagnose therapie.
This study has the same set up as the JAMA study mentioned above but less women took part. The results however were similar: moxa-therapy seems successful during and after the 34th week in 76.4% of the cases. The chances of a baby turning spontaneously without moxa-therapy was shown as 45.4%.
Study published in The Amarican Journal of Chinese Medicin in 2001.
In this study, the women received moxa-therapy after the 28th week of their pregnancy. This gave a higher success rate: 73.66% of all children turned spontaneously without the moxa-therapy, 92.48% of the children turned after the mother was given moxa-therapy.